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page 129 -- Button's Raven Gloss, Brown's Iron Bitters, Burrow -Giles v. Sarony, Horsford's Acid Phosphate, Celluloid Eyeglasses

updated 30 September 2017
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A portion of the back of one of the Raven Gloss trade cards.

As with many merchants, Button & Ottley advertised on fans and other paper products in addition to advertising trade cards:

Advertising Fan for Button's Raven Gloss Shoe Dressing, Button & Ottley, circa 1885
THF214012 Creative Commons License BY-NC-ND,
Also from the Henry Ford Collections, we have the back of the fan:

From Google Street View, here is 56 Warren St. in NY as of Aug 2013:

From East Carolina University's digital collections comes another advertising card that clearly states what these bitters are designed to cure:

What was in this "certain cure for diseases requiring a complete tonic" that would "remove all symptoms of decay in liver, kidneys and bowels" while enriching the blood, strengthening the muscles and "giving new life to the nerves?" Alcohol. About 20% according to a 1917 American Medical Association publication. Peachridge Glass notes, "The formula was targeted for female infirmities. The main ingredients were Iron Phosphate, Calisaya Bark, Phosphorus, Vibernum Prowifolium and Coca." If a preparation with both alcohol and cocaine in it didn't cure you, there wasn't much hope for recovery.

The Brown's cards were printed by

Burrow-Giles vs. Sarony was a landmark copyright case decided by the Supreme Court. A summary of the case prepared by The Invisible College Press appears below.

Both the Invisible College Press and I want you to know that neither of us are lawyers. We do not offer legal advice on these pages, which are for your enjoyment and information only. If you need legal advice, please consult with a lawyer. As the creator of the Invisible College Press puts it,

"In accordance with UCC § 2-316, this product is provided with no warranties, either express or implied! The information contained is provided as-is, with no guarantee of merchantability. While I've tried my darnedest to make sure these are the best summaries possible, there are likely errors and omissions that could negatively affect your grade.The user assumes all risks, so if you rely on these case summaries, and don't actually read the textbook yourself, or skip class, and you end up getting something wrong and failing the test, you can't come back here and complain. It is your own fault for not doing the work yourself! In addition, the material provided on this site is for informational purposes only. If you aren't in California I can't even legally give you legal advice, and I'm certainly not your lawyer. The material provided on this site does not constitute legal advice on any matter. Do not under any circumstances rely on any information at this site to assist with your own legal needs!!! If you have an actual legal issue, consult an attorney who is licensed to practice law in your State."

Wikipedia also gives a summary of the case. The full text of the Supreme Court's unanimous decision in 1884 is available on FindLaw.

See page 194 of the Earl J. Arnold Advertising Card Collection
for information on Horsford
Rumford Chemical Company, manufacturer of Horsford brand products, made use of all potential advertising space on their cards. Note that the necklace spells out another product line, "Rumford Yeast Powder."

Manufactured by J.C. Boyd, 1673 Broadway, NYC.
Patented in March 1877, but I was unable to find the patent.
According to one of its ads, J.C Boyd would fit your eyeglasses by mail!

For more on the celluloid manufacturing process, see "When Newark was America's Celluloid Capitol," published on the web by Montclair State University.

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